Why Are Men and Women So Different?"So it is naturally with the male and female; the one is superior, the other inferior; the one governs, the other is governed; and the same rule must necessarily hold good with respect to all mankind." (Aristotle, Politics 1254b.)

"Men know that women are an over-match for them, and therefore they choose the weakest or most ignorant.  If they did not think so, they never could be afraid of women knowing as much as themselves." (Samuel Johnson in James Boswell, Tour to the Hebrides. 1773.)

"Perhaps nothing is so depressing an index of the inhumanity of the male-supremacist mentality as the fact that the more genial human traits are assigned to the underclass: affection, response to sympathy, kindness, cheerfulness." (Kate Millett, Sexual Politics. ch 4, 1970, of a table of character traits assignable to male and female roles)

Duerer Adam and Eve 1507


"There is no longer male and female, for all of you are one in Christ." (Galatians 3:28)



"We are all androgenous, not only because we are all born of a woman impregnated by the seed of a man but because each of us, helplessly and forever, contains the other--male in female, female in male, white in black and black in white.  We are a part of each other.  Many of my countrymen appear to find this fact exceedingly inconvenient and even unfair, and so, very often, do I.  But none of us can do anything about it." (James Baldwin, The Price of the Ticket. 1985.)